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Append items in Python Dictionary

The dictionary is a data type in Python that is used to store data in the form of key/value pairs. We have written a detailed tutorial about creating, adding, removing and other operations related to the Python dictionary.

In this tutorial, we will see the ways of adding one or more items (key/value pairs) in dictionaries. You will also see how to update the values of existing keys in a dictionary.

The example of Python append to dictionary

In this example, first I created a dictionary of telephone numbers with three items. Then, I used the print function for displaying the items in the dictionary.

After that, I added another item and displayed the dictionary again:

The code:

The output:

{‘Haynes’: 2811441425, ‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘David’: 14587478454}

After adding item

{‘Haynes’: 2811441425, ‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘David’: 14587478454, ‘Azam’: 2814525458}

You can see, a new item is added in the existing dictionary by using a simple assignment operator.

Notice this line in the above example:

tel_directory[‘Azam’] = 2814525458

So, you just need to provide the dictionary name, key in brackets and assign a value to it.

Adding multiple items in a dictionary example

For adding multiple items, just keep on using the assignment operator (=) with the key and provide value. See the example code below where I just extended the above example and added three new items to an existing dictionary:

The result:

{‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘David’: 14587478454, ‘Haynes’: 2811441425}

After adding item

{‘David’: 14587478454, ‘Azam’: 2814525458, ‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘Joe’: 2817484758, ‘Haynes’: 2811441425, ‘Jimmy’: 2816957458}

You can see, the dictionary after adding new items contains six items.

What if I want to update an existing item?

For updating the value of an existing key, just use the same key and provide the new value. This will update the value rather than adding a new item.

In this example, we have created a dictionary with three telephone numbers/names and then updated the number of “Haynes” as follows:

The output of above code:

{‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘Haynes’: 2811441425, ‘David’: 14587478454}

After updating item

{‘Mina’: 2814555555, ‘Haynes’: 2811568744, ‘David’: 14587478454}

Second way: Using the update method of dictionary

Python dictionary has a built-in method, update, that can be used for adding new items to the specified dictionary.

You may also use it to update the value of an existing key. In this case, just provide the same key that already exists in the dictionary.

An example of appending a new key/value pair

The example below shows adding a new key/value pair in a dictionary. Initially, I created a dictionary with three items, as you would do normally. Then, the contents of the dictionary are displayed.

After that, I used the update method for adding a new key/value pair – have a look:

The code:

The output:

{‘Name’: ‘Hina’, ‘Email’: ‘test@gmail.com’, ‘Phone’: 2817484758}

After using the update method:

{‘Name’: ‘Hina’, ‘Email’: ‘test@gmail.com’, ‘Address’: ‘house 102, street 10’, ‘Phone’: 2817484758}

Updating the value of an existing key example

The example below shows updating the “phone” key’s value by using the update method:

The result:

{‘Name’: ‘Hina’, ‘Phone’: 2817484758, ‘Email’: ‘test@gmail.com’}

After using the update method:

{‘Name’: ‘Hina’, ‘Phone’: 3527894562, ‘Email’: ‘test@gmail.com’}

You can see, the phone number is updated rather than appending a new key/value in the specified dictionary.

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