In the SUMIF function tutorial, we learned how to SUM a range of cells by **single criteria**.

The Excel SUMIFS function is used if you need to apply **multiple criteria** to get the sum of the range.

**An example of SUMIFS function**

To explain the SUMIFS function, consider we have a table storing Items Purchased, Quantity, and their Prices. (See the graphic with example data and formula below)

Now we want to calculate the sum of cells that contain the Product Name “Milk” and whose Total Price is greater than 4.

So, we have two conditions to apply and this can be done by using SUMIFS as follows.

The SUMIFS formula:

=SUMIFS(C2:C10, A2:A10, "=Milk", C2:C10, ">3")

**The Excel sheet with data and result:**

You can see, the highlighted rows show the occurrences of Milk three times. However, the SUMIFS returned the sum of only two cells i.e. 15.

The cell with value 3 is omitted as it failed for one criterion.

**Syntax of SUMIFS Excel function**

On the basis of the above example, let me explain the syntax/arguments of the SUMIFS function:

SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ...)

Where:

Arguments |
Description |

sum_range |
The sum_range specifies the range where sum will be calculated.
In our example case, the C2:C10 (Product Price) column was used because we needed the sum of price. This is a |

criteria_range1 |
criteria_range1 is the range where the first criteria or condition will be checked.
In the example, we specified the Item Purchased column from A2:A10. This is also a |

criteria1 |
The third argument, criteria1 relates to the criteria_range1.
This criterion will be checked for the criteria_range1. In the example, we checked “=Milk” for A2:A10 range. This is the |

[criteria_range2, criteria2], |
This is optional and defines the second, third, and so on ranges and respective criteria in SUMIFS function.
The allowed number of range/criteria is 127. In the example, I used second range and criteria as well. The second criterion was to check the Product Price > 3 i.e. C2:C10, “>3”. |

**The SUMIF function for a quick reminder**

The following example shows using the SUMIF function so you have a quick idea of how different is the syntax or order of arguments in both functions; to avoid mixing up both.

The SUMIF allows getting the sum based on single criteria as shown in the same Excel table that I used in the above example:

**The formula:**

=SUMIF(A2:A10,"Milk",C2:C10)

**The resultant sheet:**

**Using a wildcard in SUMIFS with three criteria example**

For this example, I will use the **‘*’** wildcard to find the sum of quality for the products whose names start with ‘A’.

In the SUMIFS formula, I used three criteria to find the sum of quantity as follows:

=SUMIFS(B2:B12, A2:A12, "=A*", B2:B12, ">1", C2:C12,">=4")

**The resultant sheet:**

- The sum to be calculated from the Quantity column, so the B2:B12 range is given.
- The first condition checked the Product Names that start with the letter ‘A’ (A2:B12).
- The second criterion is to check if the Quantity is greater than 1, and include this in the sum (B2:B12).
- While the third condition checked the Product Price must be greater or equal to 4.
- Only two cells fulfilled those criteria (B6 and B12) so the returned sum is 18.